Strengthening of the pelvic floor muscles using transcutaneous magnetic nerve stimulation: a review of the literature
Barry Stillman, Janet Chase
This review summarises the biophysics of transcutaneous magnetic nerve stimulation (TMNS), the theoretical basis for application of TMNS to achieve strengthening of the pelvic floor in the management of incontinence, current physiotherapy practice and a review of published results from research studies into the clinical application of TMNS. It is concluded that, at present, there is insufficient evidence to suggest that TMNS is a suitable, alternative method for strengthening the pelvic floor. Nor is it a suitable method to improve the functional status of individuals with incontinence when compared to traditional continence management involving exercise, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and biofeedback.